BEOWULF: Versions in Old English and Two Tranlations Unknown

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BEOWULF: Versions in Old English and Two Tranlations  by  Unknown

BEOWULF: Versions in Old English and Two Tranlations by Unknown
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Beowulf is the conventional title of an Old English epic poem consisting of 3182 alliterative long lines, set in Scandinavia, possibly the oldest surviving long poem in Old English and thus commonly cited as one of the most important works of OldMoreBeowulf is the conventional title of an Old English epic poem consisting of 3182 alliterative long lines, set in Scandinavia, possibly the oldest surviving long poem in Old English and thus commonly cited as one of the most important works of Old English literature.

The full poem survives in the manuscript known as the Nowell Codex, located in the British Library. Written in England, its composition by an anonymous Anglo-Saxon poet is dated between the 8th and the early 11th century. In 1731, the manuscript was badly damaged by a fire that swept through Ashburnham House in London that had a collection of medieval manuscripts assembled by Sir Robert Bruce Cotton. The poem was not studied until the end of the 18th century, and not published in its entirety until Johan Bülow funded the 1815 Latin translation, prepared by the Icelandic-Danish scholar Grímur Jónsson Thorkelin.[8] After a heated debate with Thorkelin, Bülow offered to support a new translation into Danish by N.F.S.

Grundtvig. The result, Bjovulfs Drape (1820), was the first modern language translation of Beowulf. In the poem, Beowulf, a hero of the Geats in Scandinavia, comes to the aid of Hroðgar, the king of the Danes, whose mead hall (in Heorot) has been under attack by a monster known as Grendel. After Beowulf slays him, Grendels mother attacks the hall and is then also defeated. Victorious, Beowulf goes home to Geatland in Sweden and later becomes king of the Geats. After a period of fifty years has passed, Beowulf defeats a dragon, but is fatally wounded in the battle.

After his death, his attendants bury him in a tumulus, a burial mound, in Geatland.



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